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    • They were strongly armed planes: armament usually made of 3 x 20 mm guns and 3 7.92 MGs in the solid nose, a single 13 mm MG inside the rear cockpit, 2 x 20 mm guns in the ventral gondola, plus eventually 2 x upward firing 20 mm guns in the upper fuselage as ‘Schräge Musik’. Numerous WW2 ‘experts’ intentionally and automatically give the He 111, as well as a decreased degree the Ju 88, an equal bad promotion like the Allied twin-engine bombers of this time: means, they were significantly weak against enemy fighter opposition and could not really usually operate at daytime without having fighter cover. The A-4 actually saw additional improvements including more powerful engines but, unlike other aircraft in the Luftwaffe, did not see a model code change. As the outbreak of WW II in Europe approached, by the time Luftwaffe planners like Ernst Udet had their opportunities to have their own "pet" features added (including dive-bombing by Udet), the Ju 88's top speed had dropped to around 450 km/h (280 mph). About 1,000 people were killed and another 1,000 wounded; many fatalities and injuries were as a result of the release of mustard gas. After all this is actually definitely worth quickly to look at the comparable efficiency of Allied and German twin-engine bombers throughout the first years of WW2. The fuseage of a Junkers Ju 88 was raised 6 miles off the coast of the German Island of Rgen in June 2012, the team of German Army researchers having thought it to be a Stuka. This took them through a heavily mined area. The Ju 88 units met with instant success, attacking enemy airfields and positions at low level and causing enormous losses for little damage in return. Between 13 and 24 May, I. and II./KG 54 flew 174 attack against rail systems, paralysing French logistics and mobility. [23] The preserved aircraft is on exhibit at the RAF Museum, as one of the first two intact Ju 88s in aviation museums. The Junkers Ju 88 was a German … Kampfgeschwader 1, Kampfgeschwader 76 and Kampfgeschwader 77 reported the loss of 18 Ju 88s over enemy territory on 23 June. This large, angular monoplane seemed absolutely ominous in flight or at rest. [44] On 28 August the Ju 88s had more success when KG 77 and KGr 806 sank the 2,026 grt steamer Vironia, the 2,317 grt Lucerne, the 1,423 grt Atis Kronvalds and the ice breaker Krišjānis Valdemārs (2,250 grt). 44 Sqn was subordinated Lentoryhmä Sarko during the Lapland War (now against Germany), and the Ju 88s were used both for reconnaissance and bombing. 0 bids. CU: German fueling Stuka. The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka (from Sturzkampfflugzeug, “dive bomber”) was a German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft. Buy It Now +C $51.11 shipping. or literally "diving fighting plane". C $6.07. A small number of the C-series day fighters had their new solid-metal noses specially painted to resemble the bomber A-series' "beetle's eye" faceted clear view nose glazing, in an attempt to deceive Allied pilots into thinking the fighters were actually bombers; the unusual "camouflage" attempt did result initially in a number of Allied aerial losses.[22]. From 1939 to 1942 the Junkers Ju 88, Dornier Do 17 and Heinkel He 111 bombers had been undertaking offensive missions in daytime as well as over a long-term time. Junkers Aircraft and Motor Works (JFM) designed the plane in the mid-1930s as a so-called Schnellbomber ("fast bomber") that would be too fast for fighters of its era to intercept. In this way, they tried to spare the aircraft from unnecessary wear. [33] A series of field modifications were made to make the Ju 88 less vulnerable, including the replacement of the single MG 15 rear machine gun by a twin-barreled MG 81Z machine gun and the fitting of additional cockpit armour. On 29 August, the Ju 88s accounted for the transport ships Vtoraya Pyatiletka (3,974 grt), Kalpaks (2,190 grt) and Leningradsovet (1,270 grt) sunk. During the early 1940s the Ju 88 had the best innovative landing gear of any plane at this time being produced. The Ju-88 and other German aircraft, like the Do-217 and even the He 177 were designed and equipped to be able to execute steep diving attacks, but that was not their primary role, just a part of their repertoire. de Zeng, H.L., D.G. 4,796 km). This is a comparison between Stuka Siren in Dunkirk and Original Stuka Siren from WW2 (Ju 87). Was: Previous Price C $28.11 10% off. One Ju 88G-1 of 7. MS: Scenic view. Your email address will not be published. Because the RLM had insisted quite pointlessly that original Ju 88s should be ideal for dive-bombing so the air frame had been sufficiently strong to stand up to really severe challenging maneuvers as well as significant combat damage. The armament at this time made up 1 x 7.92 mm MG within the front cockpit, and 1 x 13 mm or 2 x 7.92 mm MGs inside a ventral gondola. [5] The first two prototypes, Ju 88 V1 and V2, differed from the V3, V4 and V5 in that the latter three models were equipped with three defensive armament positions to the rear of the cockpit, and were able to carry two 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) bombs, one under each inner wing panel. Nevertheless, it is quite clear that the Ju 88’s – and to a smaller degree the He 111’s – general design efficiency was a key contributing element. Buy It Now . These guns were pointed obliquely upwards and forwards from the upper fuselage – usually at an angle of 70°. "Tucson Senior Helps Retired Doctor Receive Military Honor". Corgi Predators of the Skies, Junkers Ju87D-3 Stuka, PR99413, Ltd. The most notable was a raid on the Lehto partisan village on 20 August 1943 (in which the whole squadron participated), and a raid on the Lavansaari air field (leaving seven Ju 88 damaged from forced landing in inclement weather). Junkers Ju 87 B-1 Stuka Wehrmacht Luftwaffe (German Air Force 1935-1945) 2./Sturzkampfgeschwader 2 T6+BC | Bonn-Hangelar 1940 . Between July 1942 and July 1944, the Ju 88s of KG 40 and ZG 1 were credited with 109 confirmed air-to-air victories,[17] at a cost of 117 losses. This would end up being the main manufacturing version of the A models and became the starting point for a number of additional models. Maximum bomb load of the A-4 was 3,000 kg (6,600 lb), but in practice, standard bomb load was 1,500–2,000 kg (3,300–4,400 lb). The attacking force lost one aircraft; the Allies had not assigned any fighters to guard Bari as they thought the Luftwaffe incapable of striking in this strength at this stage of the war. Every one of the British twin-engine bombers had been quickly removed from daytime operations when it became clear they couldn’t manage the Me 109 during daytime. The identical Ju 88A-1 manufacturing plane didn’t get into operation until September 1939; just before the outbreak of WW2. The differences between the G-1 and G-2 variants are the wing types utilized. Zerstörer, fighter-bomber and night fighter, based on A-series, but with sheet metal nose. On June 21, 1941, the Ju88D-l had been the major kind of Ju 88 reconnaissance planes operating. Reconnaissance flights were also made over northern Norway. Six Ju 88s were shot down before the German fighter escort dealt with the threat. The C-6 was used mostly as fighter-bomber and therefore assigned to bomber units. It was the last action between British and foreign military forces on British mainland soil.[36]. These operations had been executed under different situations: such as without fighter escort, along with fighter escort, versus strong opponent fighter resistance, without powerful opponent fighters, as well as any mixture thereof. The Ju 85 was a twin-engined bomber aircraft prototype, designed by Junkers in 1935. The only alternative competitor for this brand being the de Havilland Mosquito. — In-game description. [20] Finally, the Ju 88 P-4 mounted a smaller-volume ventral gun pod housing a 5 cm (2.0 in) auto-loading Bordkanone BK 5 cannon (the same ordnance used for the field-improvised handful of Stalingradtyp He 177As created) and, in some cases, 6.5 cm (2.6 in) solid propellant rockets.[20]. Only later was it applied specifically to the Ju 87 Stuka. With an advanced Stuvi dive-bombsight, accuracy remained very good for its time. [3][4], In August 1935, the German Ministry of Aviation submitted its requirements for an unarmed, three-seat, high-speed bomber with a payload of 800–1,000 kg (1,800–2,200 lb). Monogram 1/48 Stuka Ju87D. Pro Built Custom model JU-87 Stuka Spain junkers Kampf.88 1/48 (pre order) Brand New. The outcome had been the virtually entire sacrificing of the biggest medium bomber force that existed as much as June 1941. Albums: 1 with 10 images. Production was delayed drastically by developmental problems. The unit Erprobungskommando 88 (Ekdo 88) was responsible for testing new bomber designs and their crews under hostile conditions. Pre-Owned. The V5 made its maiden flight on 13 April 1938, and the V6 on 28 June 1938. The first prototype to be tested as a dive bomber was the Ju 88 V4 followed by the V5 and V6. Design of the Ju-88 began with a study (EF59) which evolved into two parallel designs, Ju-85 and Ju-88. Yet, it was in no way so downgraded in overall performance as to turn out to be critically vulnerable as were the He 111 or Do 17 bombers. Shrink. The aircraft was never put into service. Simultaneously the significantly outnumbered He 111 and Ju 88 bomber groups had been regularly running two, three or four operations per day, typically without having fighter escort, and could actually keep an affordable attrition rate whilst causing essential destruction on the Red Army‘s rear area and big chaos on the Red Air Force’s airfields. The airplane on display, a Ju 88D-1/Trop (later designated Ju 88D-3), is a long-range photographic reconnaissance version modified for tropical use. Pro Built Custom model JU-87 Stuka Spain junkers Kampf.88 1/48 (pre order) Brand New. When it first flew, it managed about 580 km/h (360 mph) and Hermann Göring, head of the Luftwaffe was ecstatic. Buy It Now +C $51.11 shipping. C $6.30. The most significant present-day French, British, and Russian twin-engine bombers created in an equal pre-war time were: With the likely exclusion of the Russian Ilyushin DB-3, not one of the previously mentioned bomber models managed to effectively perform offensive missions in daytime over any sizeable time period, in opposition to even comparatively weak German fighter opposition. It appears this kind of perspective mainly comes from post-war thoughts of the Battle of Britain, and disregards the rest of the key air fights battled over Western and Eastern Europe between 1939 and 1942. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site! Germany would need a production-line dive-bomber much sooner. This had been some time before the Battle for France had actually begun ! [50] No Finnish Ju 88s have survived, but an engine is on display at the Central Finland Aviation Museum, and the frame structure of a German Ju 88 cockpit hood is preserved at the Finnish Aviation Museum in Vantaa. Research into the utilization of the Ju 88 as heavy fighter started prior to the initial bomber model came into service, and the V7 prototype had been the prelude to the C/B types. Angelucci and Matricardi 1978, pp. [13] Check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription. "The Ju 87 Stuka was extremely maneuvrable and could handle the high Gs of dive-bombing. [31] On 9 April 1940, Ju 88s of KG 30 dive-bombed, in cooperation with high-level bombing Heinkel He 111s of KG 26, and helped damage the battleship HMS Rodney and sink the destroyer HMS Gurkha. Top Rated … C $6.07. As soon as January 1940 the Ju 88A-1 had been planned to be exchanged by the Ju 88A-4 which had an extended wing span and employed 1,340 or l,400hp Jumo 211F/J motors. Surviving A-1s were modified as quickly as possible, with new wings to A-5 specifications. Totally bomber, reconnaissance and associated Ju 88s totaled 10,774, while hectic manufacturing of night fighter variants in 1944 to 1945 carried the overall to no less than 14,980 aircraft. The only alternative competitor for this brand being the de Havilland Mosquito. two 1,340-hp Junkers Jumo 211J-1 12-cylinder inverted-vee liquid-cooled engines, 292 mph (470 km/hr) at 17,390 ft (5,300 m), 248 mph (400 km/hr) at 16,405 ft (5,000 m), one 7.92-mm MG 81 (1,200 rpm; velocity 2,477 ft.sec) and one 13-mm MG 131 (930 rpm; velocity 2.461 ft.sec), one 13-mm MG 131 (930 rpm; velocity 2,461 ft.sec), two 7.92-mm MG 81 (1,200 rpm; velocity 2,477 ft.sec), front of ventral gondola (only late models), 1,100 lb (500 kg) internal and four external racks rated at 2,200 lb (1,000 kg) (inners) and 1,100 lb (500 kg) (outers) to maximum total bomb load of 6,614 lb (3,000 kg), 10,774 bomber and reconnaissance planes (all versions at least 14,980), Accepted by Luftwaffe 1/39-12/44 (bomber, ground attack, night fighter, reconnaissance), 661 (+2,513 fighters, +3 ground attack, +52 recon), Ju 88's (all) in First Line Units 20.9.42, Ju 88's (all) in First Line Units 31.12.42, 845 (520 bombers, 260 recon, 65 fighters), Ju 88's (all) in First Line Units 10.1.45. the Bloch 210 (first flight November 1934). 2 × 7.92 mm MG 81J machine guns on flexible mount in the rear of the cockpit canopy, firing aft with 1,000 rounds each. 4.5 out of 5 stars. Of course, using the BMW radial and the Jumo 213 motors the final variants were more or less as fast as the best contemporary fighters at all altitudes and could be fought strongly into the bargain. Later on, they involved anti-shipping, intruder interdiction, not to mention strategic bombing throughout the Battle of Britain. Copyright © 2006-2020 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED - THE OPERATORS OF THIS SITE DISSOCIATE THEMSELVES FROM CONTENTS OF OTHER WEBSITES, WHICH ARE LINKED ON THESE PAGES. 1 bid. Subscribe to our newsletter with the latest reports from the war diaries and about World War I & II. Prototype with all-new fully glazed "stepless" crew compartment nose, developed into Junkers Ju 188. Anti-tank and bomber destroyer variant with single Bordkanone series 75 mm (2.95 in), 50 mm (1.97 in), or twin 37 mm (1.46 in) calibre cannon in conformal ventral fuselage gun pod mount, which mandated removal of the Bola gondola under the cockpit section, conversion of A-series bomber. KGr 806 sank the Soviet destroyer Karl Marx on 8 August 1941 in Loksa Bay Tallinn. The rest of the Soviet "fleet", were forced to change course. Initially developed as a focused high-speed bomber, the Ju 88 airframe turned out to be perfectly fitted to practically every other sort of combat task, apart from close in dog-fighting, and a lot more Ju 88s had been manufactured compared to every other twin-engine plane of the Second World War. Required fields are marked *. High-speed bomber series based on Ju 88 A-4 but with ventral Bola gondola omitted, smoothly glazed nose with radial-ribbed supports instead of the "beetle's eye" of the A-version, and GM-1 nitrous-oxide boost, fastest of all variants. 42 Sqn. Top Rated Seller Top Rated Seller. The mixed bomber units, including the Ju 88, of Kampfgeschwader 51 (under the command of Luftflotte 3) helped claim between 233 and 248 Allied aircraft on the ground between 10 and 13 May 1940. Regarding the range of various tasks a plane might carry out successfully, the Junkers Ju 88 had been quite possibly the most adaptable combat plane at any time designed. This had occurred when the aircraft were used in dive bombing. 1:48. [24] [N 2] The third crew-member, Erich Kantwill, refused to co-operate with the British and was treated as a normal prisoner-of-war. Ultimate bomber variations incorporated the Nbwe with flame-throwers and recoilless rocket projectors, P models of big-gun anti-armor and close-support planes, and a huge group of Mistel composite-aircraft combos, where the Ju 88 lower part was a pilot less missile controlled by the Me 109 G aircraft in the beginning attached to top. The Ministry of Aviation requested the aircraft, which differed from the Ju 88 due to the use of a twin fin tail unit. Fujimi JU-87 Stuka D-1 Dora 1/72. [5] Design of the Ju-88 began with a study (EF59) which evolved into two parallel designs, Ju-85 and Ju-88. The C-4 became the first production version with 60 produced and 60 converted from A-5 airframes. Such as the Ju 88 V5, operated by Junkers Jumo 211A motors, which on March 9, 1939, established a surprising world 600 miles (1,000 km) program record with a 4,415 lb (2,000 kg) load at 321 mph (517 km/hr). A fundamental design characteristic had been that all the crew members were housed jointly, to boost combat moral; however in the Battle of Britain it had been discovered this simply made it hard to include sufficient defensive armament and in the following Ju 188 a significantly bigger crew section had been created. New Listing Ju 87B-2 Stuka Airfix Model WwII. The Ju 87 was planned as a Stuka (short for Sturzkampfluzeug, or “dive-bomber”) a name that became synonymous with the type, to provide ‘flying artillery’ to support the armoured forces that would spearhead Germany’s Blitzkrieg (lightning war) tactics, and is forever associated with the success of that strategy early in the war. On 17 June 1940, Junkers Ju 88s (mainly from Kampfgeschwader 30) destroyed a "10,000 tonne ship", the 16,243 grt ocean liner RMS Lancastria, off Saint-Nazaire, killing some 5,800 Allied personnel. G-6 versions were equipped with 1,287 kW (1,726 hp) Jumo 213A inline-V12 engines (using the same redesigned annular radiator cores as the Ju 188s powered by them), enlarged fuel tanks and often one or two 20 mm MG 151/20 cannons in a Schräge Musik ("Jazz Music", i.e. This is a Royal Air Force kill-loss ratio of 1.8 to 1. It is rather simple to overlook the overall efficiency of German twin-engine bombers throughout the period 1939 to 1942. In October 1937 Generalluftzeugmeister Ernst Udet had ordered the development of the Ju 88 as a heavy dive bomber. From Greece. In these page, we also have variety of images available. At 0415 on 22 June 1941, III./KG 51 attacked the airfield at Kurovitsa. From United States. The Junkers development center at Dessau gave priority to the study of pull-out systems and dive brakes. It was an aircraft that could finally fulfill the promise of the Schnellbomber, a high-speed bomber. An automatic system helped pilots pull out of a dive in case they should black out." ", "Restoration: Desperate Journey, A Junkers Ju 88 is pulled from a Norwegian lake. [citation needed] Junkers presented their initial design in June 1936, and were given clearance to build two prototypes (Werknummer 4941 and 4942). Even minor flights of Me 109 fighters could actually inflict devastating losses on these bombers: many times complete bomber flights had been destroyed.

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